You are about to go out for an important event when you notice small black bumps forming around your nose. It is at this moment you likely ask yourself, “What are blackheads and why are they so annoying?”
Blackheads are the result of hair follicles getting clogged. Once these hair follicles are clogged, they tend to turn into small, dark bumps. Blackheads are a form of acne and can develop anywhere on the body, including the face, chest, back, arms, shoulders, and neck.
Blackheads are made up of oxidized corneocytes which is why they are dark in appearance. They are not actually trapped dirt, which many people believe. Blackheads can contain some dirt, but they most often consist of dead skin, oil, and sebum—a material naturally produced by your skin.
People with excessively oily skin are more prone to developing blackheads. But, there’s no need to panic when you spot a blackhead! You simply need to try out some remedies to see which one is most effective at clearing your skin.
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1. Cleanse Your Pores With Salicylic Acid
If you are prone to blackheads, then you should definitely keep some products with salicylic acid around the house. It will be your go-to ingredient any time acne appears. Salicylic acid is a type of beta hydroxy acid, which removes oil and exfoliates the cells in the top layer of your skin. Look for salicylic acid in a gentle face scrub to effectively exfoliate and cleanse your skin. However, you want to avoid scrubbing too hard because it can damage your skin.
2. Exfoliate Your Skin Weekly
Many people have heard that exfoliation can be bad for acne. While that may be true for inflammatory acne, exfoliation can improve the appearance of blackheads—especially when they’re caused by dead skin cells. There are two types of exfoliation you want to look into: AHAs and BHAs, which are alpha and beta hydroxy acids, respectively. Glycolic acid is a prominent AHA, while salicylic acid is the best BHA. Using these products will not only help make blackheads go away, but can also improve the appearance of age spots and wrinkles.
More than anything, you want to avoid using products that could further irritate your acne. You want to avoid scrubs that contain polyethylene or ground fruit pits because they can scrape against the skin. AHA and BHA are non-physical exfoliant alternatives that promote dead skin sloughing revealing fresh, smooth skin.
3. Use a Retinoid Cream
Another way to clear out clogged pores is with a retinoid cream. Retinoids are highly effective at loosening pore plugs. You can find plenty of retinoids over-the-counter, but for severe cases of blackheads, you may need to get a prescription. Most dermatologists recommend trying an over-the-counter product first to see if it has the right combination of ingredients to help your skin. If you still don’t see any improvement, you should talk to your dermatologist right away about getting stronger medication. Dermatologists know how to treat blackheads best, so you should always follow a professional’s recommendation.
4. Use a Pore Strip
When you are looking to remove blackheads fast, one of your best options will be a pore strip. This is the perfect solution for instantly removing blackheads from your nose because it is a quick and easy treatment. When you pull off a pore strip, it acts like a magnet to remove blackheads from your skin.
Pore strips are effective at getting rid of blackheads quickly, but make sure you follow the instructions on the box! You need to leave the strip on your nose for at least 10 minutes so that the strip has time to bond to your blackheads. When used correctly, pore strips are great for temporarily improving the appearance of your skin.
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5. Moisturize Often
Moisturizing is particularly important if your skin is prone to acne. You can use a moisturizer in tandem with the rest of your skincare routine to keep your skin clear and beautiful. In fact, moisturizers can help when other products fail. For example, some people will find that retinoid cream overly dries out their skin. Moisturizers, especially those that are non-comedogenic, are specially formulated to help your skin retain as much water as possible.
You do need to be mindful of what moisturizer you use. To prevent blackheads, you want to avoid ones that are heavy or cream-based. The reason for this is that the heaviness can actually make your blackheads worse by further clogging the pores. Instead, you want to use a milkier, lighter cream. Moisturizers that include niacinamide are excellent for oily skin types because this ingredient helps regulate oil production.
6. Avoid Cleansers With Benzoyl Peroxide
Another ingredient you want to avoid if you are prone to blackheads is benzoyl peroxide. This is a common ingredient for acne cleansers, but you want to steer clear if you predominantly suffer from blackheads. Benzoyl peroxide is used so often because it is effective at reducing inflammation. However, as mentioned earlier, blackheads are a non-inflammatory form of acne. Therefore, the ingredient will not do you any good.
Benzoyl peroxide is better if you tend to suffer from whiteheads, which are inflamed comedones. An open blocked pore is referred to as a blackhead, but if that pore remains closed, then it is known as a whitehead. They are firm and white or yellow in appearance, and they can become inflamed quite easily. Other skin issues that benzoyl peroxide can help with include cysts, nodules, pustules, and papules.
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7. Use a Facial Mask Every Week
A clay mask can work wonders on your skin. Start by using a mask once a week to see how your skin responds. If you’re loving the results from your mask, you can try using it multiple times a week. You can also use clay masks as a spot treatment for troublesome areas.
Another option is a charcoal mask. Charcoal is known to absorb excess oil and dirt, which can help clear congested pores over time. For both clay and charcoal masks, make sure to cleanse your face and hands before applying. You don’t want oil and bacteria from your hands to transfer onto your skin!
8. Wash Your Face After Working Out
Working out is a great way to work up a sweat. Unfortunately, that sweat can exacerbate acne issues you are currently facing. Sweat can make its way into your pores and work in tandem with oil and dirt to create blackheads. Ideally, you should wash your face after every workout. This will ensure that sweat does not intertwine with dirt and grime to irritate your skin.
When washing your face, you should avoid using hot water on your skin and use lukewarm water instead. After wetting your skin, use a cleanser and then gently pat your skin dry. Once your skin is clean, you can apply toner or facial mist for added benefit. If you’re on the go, pack cleansing cloths in your gym bag for quick and effective cleansing. Washing your face every time you come home from the gym will help your skin for years to come.
9. Avoid Poking, Squeezing or Picking at Your Blackheads
A lot of people are tempted to pick or pop their acne when it appears. That includes blackheads, and while it may be possible to pop them out of place, it is not advised. For starters, blackheads on their own are not damaging to your skin. Rather, taking drastic measures like poking and squeezing your pores, is what causes long term damage. In general, you will end up doing more harm than good by trying to scrape away the blackheads with your fingernails.
10. Remove All of Your Makeup Before Going to Bed
A lot of women get home after a long day and just want to go straight to bed. Before you do that, you should take the time to remove all of the makeup from your face. If you leave makeup on overnight, your skin is less able to breathe, and oil can begin to build up. In other words, a blackhead breakout is imminent.
For quick and easy makeup removal, keep makeup removing wipes on your bedside table. If you’re on the go or too busy, facial wipes are a great alternative to washing your face with cleanser and water. These types of wipes are great at removing your makeup while also cleansing your skin of dirt and grime. Textured makeup-removing wipes are ideal for dissolving heavy makeup or mascara and can give your skin a deep clean, without leaving an oily residue behind.
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11. USE MAKEUP AND PRODUCTS THAT ARE LABELED AS “NON-COMEDOGENIC”
Many women unknowingly clog up their pores every day without even realizing it. Your makeup can play a huge role in the prevalence of blackheads on your face. That is why you should only purchase makeup labeled as ‘non-comedogenic.’ This means the makeup contains ingredients that won’t clog your pores.
If you are unsure if makeup is non-comedogenic, then you should look for a number between one and five on the back of the package. Makeup that is rated between zero and two is considered to be non-comedogenic and is good for blackhead-prone skin. Makeup labeled between three and five may irritate sensitive skin.
12. Learn how to Target Blackheads on Specific Areas of your Body
You may look at all the ways to remove blackheads and feel a little overwhelmed. It can take a while to figure out which treatment is best for you. Part of finding the best treatment for your skin involves knowing how to effectively treat blackheads on different parts of your body. Here is some advice to follow for each of the major body parts where blackheads can pop up.
Blackheads on Your Nose: A pore strip goes directly over the nose. Combined with using a salicylic cleanser to wash your face regularly, you can keep blackheads at bay with this routine.
Blackheads on Your Cheeks: After exfoliating with a product containing salicylic acid, you can apply a topical product with vitamin A, which contains anti-aging ingredients to create a more even skin texture.
Blackheads in Your Ear: You should clean your ears out often to remove excess dirt and oils. This is easiest to do in the shower, or you can use a soft washcloth to clean out your ears. You should not use cotton swabs.
Blackheads on Your Chin: You can prepare your chin for blackhead treatment by first steaming your skin. You can cover your head with a towel and then carefully expose it to steam from hot water with tea tree oil. Exfoliation and a diet rich in vitamin C can also help.
Blackheads on Your Back: You should wash your back every day in the shower with a cleanser or body wash containing salicylic acid. A retinoid-based prescription cream can also help with this area, which is more prone to irritation because it will have clothing over it most of the time.
Blackheads on Your Chest: Similarly to the back, you want to use a cleanser or body wash with salicylic acid in the shower every day. You should apply this treatment twice a day to keep dead skin cells and bacteria away.
Blackheads in Your Armpit: Armpits are a breeding ground for blackheads due to the excessive presence of sweat and bacteria. To treat blackheads and keep your armpits smelling good, you can apply geranium essential oil to help maintain balance in this area.
Blackheads on Your Neck: You should adopt a skincare routine free of oil that you can apply to the neck every day. You can also try face masks and gentle skin peels to remove blackheads without harming the underlying skin. For stubborn blackheads on the neck, you can talk to your dermatologist about a stronger treatment or professional extractions.
13. Talk to Your Doctor About Acne Medication
In the event you have tried all of these steps to no avail, then it is time to talk to your doctor about a stronger regimen. There are many topical medications that your dermatologist can prescribe. Your dermatologist will likely start with either a retinoid drug or antibiotics. Antibiotics are often prescribed because they specifically target bacteria.
You should also talk to your doctor about certain therapies to get blackheads under control. A chemical peel consisting of retinoic acid, glycolic acid or salicylic acid can improve the skin although you will need to get repeat treatments. Some doctors will recommend light-based or photodynamic therapies. This is still a new form of treatment. While further research is necessary, some people have found success with it.
Steroid injection is another possibility. This is often recommended for cystic and nodular lesions, which are more extreme cases of blackheads. It can result in immediate improvement and decreased discomfort. Finally, your doctor may try a manual extraction of blackheads. Your doctor has access to specialized tools, so it is safer than you trying to squeeze blackheads on your own.
14. Book an Appointment With Your Dermatologist for Expert Extractions
If you are tired of battling your blackheads, then it is time to talk to your dermatologist. He or she will be able to provide you with an expert extraction or recommend another route to take. With the right combination of products and consistent skincare habits, you can successfully free your pores of blackheads.
Now that you know how to get rid of blackheads, take the time to revisit some of the most important points so that you can maintain your clear skin.
- Use a cleanser containing salicylic acid rather than benzoyl peroxide for blackheads.
- Exfoliate your skin at least once a week, but potentially more depending on your specific skin needs. Use non-skin damaging exfoliates that will effectively but gently exfoliate your skin.
- Moisturize your skin often with non-comedogenic formulas, especially if you go to the gym or wear makeup.
- Use pore strips when you need to get rid of blackheads quickly, but implement other steps into your skincare routine for keeping blackheads at bay for the long-term.
- Avoid scratching or picking at your blackheads at all costs.
- Talk to your dermatologist if you still do not see any improvement.